China's Academy of Engineering aims to be able to launch its home-grown operating system for desktop computers in October, ahead of the introduction of a version for mobile devices.
The public-private development alliance working on the OS will introduce the desktop version first, state-owned news agency Xinhuareported.
The alliance hopes that the new OS could supplant the use of Windows and other foreign operating systems in China within two years, and foreign mobile operating systems within three to five, according to Chinese-language reports.
Chinese researchers revealed in January that they are working on an OS they hope will become the dominant platform in the nation for both mobile and desktop devices.
Part of the motivation behind the project is the fact that China's numerous handset developers lack intellectual property rights over operating systems forked from Android and tweaked for the domestic market.
China and the US are also in a stand-off over state cyberspying on both sides, and Chinese regulators have started cracking down on US tech firms in response. Microsoft is currently the target of an antitrust investigation in the nation.
But according to Xinhua, issues include a lack of adequate funding and too many developers pulling the project in different directions could serve to delay the debut of the operating system.