In the 15 months since it introduced the first iPhone, Apple (AAPL) has radically changed our expectations for mobile phones. But the rest of the industry isn't standing still. We're likely to see a fresh round of innovation as T-Mobile (DT) rolls out the first handset based on Google's (GOOG) Android operating system. And Research In Motion (RIMM) is fiercely defending its mobile e-mail turf with very good new products. Of the two, outsider Google faces the tougher challenge. But based on a preliminary look at the T-Mobile G1, announced on Sept. 23, launching in the U.S. and Europe in late October, I'd say it has a shot.
Apple set this whole competition in motion by building a single, excellent phone within an ecosystem that it controls totally, including the right to approve all third-party software. In contrast, Google is pushing an open platform, meaning any handset manufacturer can design hardware that runs Android. The closest relative to Android is Windows Mobile, which remains awkward to use after a decade of tweaking by Microsoft (MSFT).
I spent only about an hour with the G1 ($180 with two-year contract; unlimited data plans start at $25), which is co-branded by Google and handset maker HTC. Disappointingly, the phone is a bit thick and heavy. The screen slides up to reveal a keyboard, but the way the keys are recessed between raised areas on either side makes for slightly uncomfortable typing. And while the big touchscreen is nice, you can't resize objects simply by pinching or stretching them with your fingers. Once you get used to this trick on the iPhone, you expect it on every handset.
The Android software is far more interesting than the G1 hardware, in part because the developers tried to tear down the walls that divide applications. Other mobile-phone operating systems get you only some of the way to this goal. On a Windows Mobile handset or an iPhone, if you click on a Web address in an e-mail message, the phone opens a Web page in a browser. Click on a phone number in a Web page, and the phone usually dials it. But a task as simple as copying text from a Web page and pasting it into an e-mail is difficult to impossible on handsets.
Another problem: The G1 is a data-hungry phone that will mostly be stuck on slow networks. T-Mobile is just starting up its 3G data service, and it will be available in only 21 cities.